Mindfulness Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) incorporates both mindfulness and cognitive behavioural therapy as its therapeutic element. Through teaching mindfulness skills and carrying out psychoeducation activities, participants' self awareness can be improved and are better at identifying their emotions and ruminations. We advice participants to take a step behind, to observe their come-and-go thoughts and emotions, to accept their self and their surroundings which include the physical pain they encounter, their work, and their interpersonal relationships. From which, they learn how to gently get along with themselves and face their upcoming challenges and stress more skillfully.
Empirical evidence also shows that MBCT help to reduce depression and prevent its recurrence. Recently, MBCT has also been used to treat other symptoms such as anxieties and insomnia.