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Panic Disorder and Agoraphobia

Panic disorder is a common mental disorder. According to statistics, about 4% of Hong Kong people are currently suffering from panic disorder. People with panic disorder have recurrent unexpected panic attacks - sudden periods of intense discomfort that last for 10-30 minutes. Panic disorder can cause great problems to individuals by affecting their work and daily life. 

Agoraphobia is a common condition in panic disorder. People with agoraphobia will avoid crowds (such as subways), situations which escape might be difficult (e.g. long-distance buses) or unfamiliar places. 

The psychology and medical field believe that panic disorder and agoraphobia are caused by an interactoin between biological, psychological and environmental factors. Among them, genetics inheritance is the most important factor. Other related factors include chemical imbalance in the brain (biological), faulty cognitions (psychology) and childhood experience (environmental). 

Physical Sensations

Heart palpitation, sweating, trembling, dry mouth, difficulty breathing, chest pain or discomfort, nausea, dizziness, fever or chill, derealizatoin, depersonalization, have the feeling that your feelings and behavior do not belong to yourself 

Thoughts

Fear of facing the objects they fear, fear of the consequences after facing the objects they fear, fear of death

Behavior

Avoidance Behavior: Avoid exercise, avoid the crowds

 

Safety Behavior: Ask someone to accompany you when going our, carrying medicatoin

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